Tag Archives: Herbalife

MLM and crank magnetism

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Have you ever wondered how it is that some people end up falling deep into the rabbit hole of multi-level marketing? And no matter what, they can’t get out, and seem to accumulate more bad ideas the longer they stay in?

They’re not just doing this as a side gig, or even as a business ⁠— their entire life is devoted to their chosen MLM or MLMs. It’s all they talk about and all they live for. Everything they say is either a slogan or mantra about their MLM, or about success, or having the right mindset to achieve success.

Anything perceived as “negative” or interfering with their pathway to success is something or someone they are at war with. They will end friendships or cut off family if they aren’t supportive of their “journey” into the abyss of unreason.

Because of how MLMs are structured, and the extreme and outrageous behavior of many MLM representatives, the MLM business structure has been described as a cult by many experts. The absolutist thinking, the infallible charismatic leader, being told to not trust outsiders, the mindset coaching, the mantras ⁠— these are all telltale signs of a cult.

But cults and cult-like thinking do not occur in a vacuum. MLM is both a cult as well as a sub-culture that celebrates wishful thinking and a plethora of bad ideas that will leave you broke, friendless, sick, and possibly a conspiracy theorizing nut-job.

MLM so often leads a baggage train of false, dangerous ideas that I believe MLM as a phenomenon is the ultimate crank magnet sub-culture. What is crank magnetism? According to Rational Wiki:

Crank magnetism is the condition where people become attracted to multiple crank ideas at the same time. Crank magnetism also denotes the tendency — even for otherwise “lone issue” cranks — to accumulate more crank beliefs over time.

This describes many MLM representatives perfectly. The original crank idea that gets them hooked on MLM is usually the idea of easy money, even though statistics show they are extremely unlikely to succeed at MLM long-term.

But this is just the beginning. MLM lies at the center of a veritable theme park of bad ideas. Bad ideas have a way of leading to and reinforcing other bad ideas, which is what crank magnetism is all about. In other words, a person infected with the mind virus of MLM is more susceptible to other bad ideas.

Here are three major ways in which MLM is a crank magnet:

MLM and self-help

One of the most important aspects of MLM training is mindset coaching. Mindset coaching usually entails eliminating all doubt that your MLM is an amazing opportunity (in other words becoming a true believer), as well as how to effectively recruit friends and family into the scam. Those at the top of the pyramid know that skepticism and push-back are inevitable, and have at their disposal a variety of tools for dealing with doubt and to keep recruits motivated.

While many MLM schemes have in-house materials for mindset coaching, they are also quick to recommend the books or talks from self-help authors. The self-help industry and MLM are so closely intertwined that self-help is practically a subsidiary of MLM.

It’s not a coincidence that many prominent self-help/motivational gurus are usually big fans of MLM, often calling it a “great idea” whenever the subject comes up. The social media accounts of people doing MLM are often an endless stream of inane self-help quotes. The MLM/self-help relationship is highly mutualistic.

Most self-help books are short on substance while encouraging wishful and magical thinking, something MLM schemes are always seeking to reinforce in their recruits. Wishful thinking, which they prefer to call “thinking big”, is the very thing that keeps MLM schemes running smoothly so people at the top of the pyramid can quickly pocket money from recruits.

Self-help gurus are masters at using psychobabble and inspiring slogans to impress their readers. At its most extreme, this leads to the dangerous pseudo-scientific ideas in “The Secret” by Rhonda Byrne. The idea that you can create your own reality by thinking positively is sadly common in the MLM world — extreme credulousness and wishful thinking are essential features, not bugs of the MLM/self-help milieu.

A more nuts and bolts approach to applied wishful thinking, promoted by many self-help gurus, but no less pseudo-scientific, is neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). So much self-help fluff concerns itself with the overly-simplistic “all successful people do X, therefore do X to become successful”.

NLP practitioners claim the way successful people think and use language is radically different and superior from those who aren’t successful. Therefore, if you want to be successful, you have to reprogram your thoughts and language by modeling those who are successful. In other words, you have to adopt a “success mindset”.

There may be a grain of truth to the idea that positive thinking is better overall than negative thinking, but this doesn’t mean NLP has been consistently proven to work. NLP is closely related to “fake it till you make it”.

According to Rational Wiki:

Self-help books have through time and by design consistently stood against social change by blaming the individual, rather than (for example) institutionalized racism or sexism, for not having enough will power to advance in society. This was exemplified in 2018 by Tony Robbins’ public shaming of a sexual-abuse survivor and of the #MeToo movement in general.

These crank ideas aren’t merely compatible with MLM mindset coaching or just some supplementary materials, they are the heart and soul of MLM training. They’re also highly compatible with right-wing thinking, which we’ll cover next.

MLM and far right-wing ideology

Most of the time MLM isn’t overtly political. It would be bad for business to be hyper-partisan since it could drive away potential recruits. However, some MLMs may be more political than others.

That said, peek behind the curtain and it’s obvious whom the MLM industry is generally allied with politically.

Since MLM, like all financial fraud, operates best in a laissez-faire economic environment, they will tend to support the party that prefers less government regulation. In the U.S, this means the Republican Party. It makes perfect sense then that the DeVos family which founded Amway is a big contributor to the Republican party and far right-wing causes.

Betsy DeVos, currently the Secretary of Education in the Trump administration, is a huge advocate of privatization of public education among other conservative causes. It’s not a coincidence that people who profit from ignorance will do all they can to undermine public education.

The Direct Sellers Association (DSA), which represents the interests of the multi-billion dollar MLM industry in a manner similar to how the NRA represents the interests of gun manufacturers, is also a big contributor to both major parties, but generally favors the Republicans. If you’ve ever wanted to know why the government does almost nothing to rein in MLM fraud, this is why.

The ideological underpinnings of the MLM sub-culture are mainstays of right-wing politics and free-market fundamentalism. The ideas of becoming successful through hard-work and rugged individualism, and smaller government, particularly the idea that the government is the enemy, fit in perfectly with the hyper-entrepreneurial MLM milieu.

After all, everyone who is involved in MLM, both the winners, as well as the far more numerous losers, does so with capitalist intent.

In the MLM world you often encounter a cult-like worship of all things capitalism. The endless glowing testimonials they feature on their sites and at events from IBOs (meaning “Independent Business Owner” — though they are nothing of the sort), are the ultimate rags-to-riches capitalist success stories.

Their MLM opportunity is presented as the ultimate pathway to achieve the American dream. The fancy cars, tropical vacations and big houses are all powerful symbols for showing someone has made it. As tacky as it is, this “attraction marketing” often works brilliantly for exploiting new recruits, even in the Bible Belt. 

This brings us to the prosperity gospel, which posits that devotion to God and living by the Bible is the best way to get rich. This crank idea is quite popular with some Christian conservatives — which makes sense since it’s a revival of the ancient notion that God favors the rich and powerful.

Prosperity gospel literature and talks are usually nothing but biblically inspired self-help chicanery and religious gobbledygook. Right-wing Christian televangelists are often big-time promoters of this idea. Depending on the audience, an MLM rep may appeal to the prosperity gospel to sell the opportunity. Since MLM often does well in conservative Christian areas of the U.S, they probably use it pretty often.

There’s no denying the high degree of cross-pollination between MLM and right-wing think tanks.

Victim-blaming is rampant in MLM-land, similar to the many conservatives who blame the poor for their misfortune. The people at the top of the pyramid can never admit that the system is flawed, so those who don’t make it are either “lazy” or had the wrong mindset.

Considering the failure rate of the average MLM (around 99%), that’s a lot of lazy people! Conversely, the very few who succeed at MLM are portrayed as hard-working, patriotic Americans. There’s often little to no sympathy for the victims of these scams, and often no legal recourse due to the political protection of MLM.

It’s very telling that back in 2012, Texas Republicans enshrined opposition to critical thinking in their official platform. Of course, that’s just one of many troubling ideas today’s Republicans espouse, and their issues with science run deep.

Some of these problematic ideas may not necessarily be “right-wing” (like victim-blaming), but right-wingers are more likely to promote them, even if they’re more or less ingrained in the American psyche. Just about all these ideas are very helpful for the high priests at the top of the MLM pyramid, since they help reinforce both the loyalty and worldview they’re trying to inculcate in recruits.

MLM and anti-science

It should go without saying that MLM is not on friendly terms with science, reason or critical thinking. Naturally, it’s allied with just about any other community that thinks similarly. Distrust of science and scientists is one of the hallmarks of MLM and cults in general. MLM is a sub-culture of maximum irrationality — it’s very difficult thinking of crank ideas that aren’t compatible with MLM.

The MLM and alternative medicine movements are closely allied not just because they are both hostile to science, but because most MLMs are health product companies that regularly make pseudo-scientific claims. MLM allows quackery to flourish, since MLM provides an environment where evidence doesn’t matter and critical thinking is a sin — the perfect breeding ground for bad ideas and an often highly profitable one.

Whether they call their shakes, lotions, pills, or essential oils “detox”, or “anti-aging”, no one offers any good evidence to support these claims. All that’s ever offered are anecdotes or over-the-top testimonials. Even if they were useful for anything, they are usually very overpriced.

MLM and alternative medicine are like two peas in a pod. If a person is doing MLM, they’re more likely to be open to alternative medicine, and vice versa. There’s a lot of overlap between MLM and alternative medicine when it comes to worldview and tactics. Both present themselves as exciting “alternatives” to the dull, distrusted mainstream, both are hostile to science, both encourage conspiratorial thinking, and both prey on desperate people looking for answers.

Both are also fanatically opposed to government regulations. MLM supplement companies, and supplement companies in general, are big supporters of “health freedom”, which means the right to sell unproven or potentially harmful health products to consumers without government interference.

I don’t know about you, but to me, “health freedom” sounds like a euphemism for lawlessness. These predatory companies will tenaciously fight any effort to limit what they can sell; some quacks will even claim that it’s “un-American” to regulate health products.

All alternative sub-cultures require a bogeyman: In alternative medicine speak, it’s “Big Pharma” that is devilishly corrupt, and has brainwashed everyone into using toxic pharmaceuticals instead of natural cures. It is also behind efforts to regulate dietary supplements.

In “MLM speak”, everyone is brainwashed into having a “J.O.B” (Just Over Broke) and being hostile to MLM by the powers that be. It’s easy for either of these beliefs to hitch a ride on the other, or combine into one overarching anti-establishment message.

MLM health product purveyors often make populist diatribes against “elitist scientists” who call for more consumer protection, in a manner eerily similar to advocates of creationism. And eerily similar to evangelical preachers and fiery demagogues. It should be obvious by now that con-artists and demagogues are cut from the same cloth, and rely on the same deceptive bag of tricks (Trump’s evolution from MLM promoter to right-wing demagogue is covered below). 

These charlatans will boldly claim they have all the answers to opposing a corrupt elite, and scientific establishment that does all it can to keep ordinary people down or sick. What often follows is a screed that mentions all the evil things government, scientists or Big Pharma has done, and they are the lone voice in the wilderness speaking out against this.

Whether they are MLM purveyors or alternative medicine hucksters, or both, this is how they convince their audience they are one of the good guys and that science is evil. To appeal to religious people, an MLM rep may link their “natural” herbs and supplements with God, and link “chemicals” and drugs with scientific hubris that goes against God’s will. For a more general appeal, they’ll just use the common “natural is good, and unnatural is bad” fallacy, which is quite popular with users of alternative medicine.

You can get dizzy looking at the seemingly never-ending parade of pseudo-science and sketchy characters that inhabit the whole anti-science/MLM/far right memeplex. Because of their association with other fact-challenged communities, don’t be surprised if you encounter MLM reps who are anti-vax, climate change deniers, or 9/11 truthers. Or just a political extremist in general. Anti-science is the glue that binds them together.

The already mentioned Betsy DeVos and her family are promoters of creationism in schools, as well as conversion therapy and breaking down the separation of church and state. They, and Republicans generally, are at war with science on multiple fronts.

MLM exists at the intersection of a complex of related ideas, and movements that are inherently anti-scientific, irrational and cultic. “Alternative facts” are the lifeblood of these interrelated communities. The crank magnetism of pyramid scheming is particularly strong since it puts such a strong emphasis on irrational, magical, and wishful thinking. This is why MLM is far more than mere financial fraud — it also robs people of the ability to think straight.

*     *     *     *

The extent to which the current president of the U.S, Donald Trump, is the perfect embodiment of MLM and crank magnetism is difficult to overstate. He has expressed anti-vaccine views, was the de facto leader of the birther movement (the debunked idea that Obama was born in Kenya), is a climate change denier, a conspiracy-monger, among so many other false, dangerous and bigoted beliefs that tend to be popular with the American right.

In fact, one could reasonably argue that Trump’s MLM background helped pave the way for his successful presidential run. Robert Fitzpatrick, a writer who is a long-time critic of MLM, is currently writing a book about exactly that: Trump’s “MLM” Experience Laid Foundation for his Politics

I firmly believe that having a more in depth understanding of the wider sub-culture of MLM helps shed light on the Trump phenomenon a little better.

The purpose of this post wasn’t meant as a polemic against political conservatism, conservative Christians or capitalism, since I realize there are moderate conservatives who are opposed to MLM and the far right.

Rather, it was meant to show how MLM is part of an ecosystem of poisonous or bizarre ideas, and has a symbiotic relationship with political extremism (usually right-wing) and crank movements hostile to science. Pyramid schemes and the dark swamp of noxious ideas surrounding them, seek to undermine science, reason and enlightenment values generally, while profiting off of the harm they cause. 

With this in mind, I hope it is now easier to understand why some people get trapped in MLM, and why they seem to acquire more harmful beliefs the longer they stay in.

MLM is a well-connected, multi-billion dollar industry that funds a propaganda campaign to whitewash their exploitative nature, misleading millions of desperate people and filling them with false hope. It is also works in tandem with other powerful, exploitative, misinformation-pushing movements, and is deeply embedded in the fabric of America’s capitalistic culture. 

Understanding the wider cultural-political context in which MLM flourishes should help improve efforts at combating this particularly virulent and often misunderstood scam.

Related articles:

Multi-Level Marketing Is Still a Scam by Steven Novella

The Eye on the Pyramids, Part 3, MLMs and Conservative Republican Infrastructure by Rick Perlstein 

Donald Trump’s Naturopathic Vitamin and Diet Pyramid Scheme by Taylor Hermes

Have Three Million People in Taiwan Joined a Business Cult? by Dave Vaughan




My review of “Marauders of Hope” by Aruna Ravikumar

I just finished reading “Marauders of Hope” by Aruna Ravikumar(@aruna.writes on IG, @aruna_writes_ on Twitter). This book is an in depth look at the multi-level marketing industry and all the misery it causes around the world, particularly in India. She also offers guidance on what you can do to help stop this menace.

Aruna pulls no punches by describing these companies for what they truly are: pyramid schemes that exploit the desperate and ignorant to enrich the few at the top. They manage to get away with this through powerful lobbying arms and taking advantage of loopholes and ambiguities in the law. Many people are enticed into joining these schemes by promises of riches and cult-like brainwashing techniques to keep them in the club. They’re pyramid schemes but use products to camouflage what they’re really about.

Billions of dollars are looted from the gullible in this manner. Amway in the U.S contributes heavily to the Republican party; Betsy DeVos, secretary of education, belongs to the DeVos family which founded Amway. Trump himself has been involved in mlm and other scams. Politicians and government officials in India are similarly paid off or are in cahoots with the criminals.

But Aruna has not given up hope, and neither have I. As she shows in her book, there are many people around the world trying to spread awareness of these predatory schemes. I thought the chapter about the various scientists, government officials and consumer advocates fighting mlm in India, in spite of threats and legal setbacks, was particularly inspiring.

Besides corruption, misunderstandings and lack of political will have hindered prosecution, but every now and then the crooks are arrested and some companies do get shut down(at least temporarily).

I’d recommend this book to anyone who wants to know how this predatory industry works and how it’s able to achieve a veneer of legitimacy to far too many people(including vegans). If you’re tired of people trying to recruit you or seeing friends and family getting exploited, get involved and spread the word! Visit MLMtruth.org for more info.

Veganism and multi-level marketing

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It’s the new and improved veganism taking social media by storm. It’s no longer just about animals, or about health, it’s about riches beyond your wildest dreams. All you have to do is join the right team and watch the money start flowing like Niagara Falls into your bank account. And it only takes a tiny sign-up fee to get started! Or at least that’s what the “vegan” wealth gurus of social media want you to believe.

So a blog post about veganism and multi-level marketing(MLM) aka network marketing? What’s going on here? The two seem worlds apart but if you’re a vegan and you’ve been on social media lately you’ve likely encountered someone claiming to be a vegan pushing some product or an “amazing” MLM “business opportunity” that they can’t stop talking about. This used to be a rare occurrence for me, but much to my annoyance I have been experiencing a lot more of it over the past year; this is what inspired me to write this post. For those of you who are unfamiliar with MLM, it’s a business strategy that’s all about endlessly bothering everyone you know to either join the scheme or buy from you so they can bother everyone they know to join the scheme, ad infinitum.

It’s for good reason that MLMs are often considered pyramid schemes with better lawyers. Research shows that almost no one except those at the top of the pyramid make any money. These schemes often target the most desperate and vulnerable people with promises of riches, with representatives encouraged by up-lines to use a “fake it till you make it” approach, complete with fancy cars and lavish vacations to lure people in. Many people are so badly burned by these scams that they end up filing for bankruptcy. Besides this, they may end up feeling like failures because they believe they either didn’t do it right or they realize they’ve fallen for a scam and are too embarrassed to admit it. As if this wasn’t bad enough, MLM reps often become increasingly alienated from friends and family when they can no longer tolerate the non-stop scam promotion.

It’s disturbing witnessing people who claim to be vegan engaging in this sort of unethical, predatory behavior. This can damage our movement in myriad ways. Besides inflicting financial harm on individual vegans, it also hurts the credibility of the movement and has the potential to drive people out of it. And the infiltration of MLM into the vegan movement is not just an online phenomenon, since MLM companies will often set up shop at vegan fests around the world. Our movement in general and our fests in particular need better quality control, lest the word “vegan” become utterly meaningless or a synonym for pseudo-science and chicanery(rampant pseudo-science in the vegan movement is something I’ve addressed before).

Vegans involved in animal activism and education know how difficult it can be to raise money to fund our efforts. Credibility is everything when it comes to activism and charity. People want to know where their money is going and how much of an impact it is making. It should go without saying that for activist groups to look like they have any kind of connection with a scam is a huge credibility killer(many MLMs will donate to charities to improve their reputation). Fortunately, this isn’t a big problem for most activist groups, at least not yet, but those of us concerned about the credibility of the vegan movement should be extra vigilant when it comes to MLMs trying to infiltrate it.

MLMs and other charlatans through their actions dilute the meaning of veganism, sometimes to the point that it’s only about healthy living, or for MLM-bots, healthy living + financial independence. Animal rights are pushed aside, or if they are considered at all, the “cruelty-free” label is similarly diluted. Some MLM cosmetics companies will even falsely claim their products are “cruelty-free” when they’re not: Presenters – You Need To Stop Telling Customers That Younique is Cruelty-Free, Now.

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False health claims promising perfect health or increased energy are the typical siren songs of many MLM-bots, both vegan and non-vegan. Many vegans, fed up with mainstream medicine, are drawn to the MLM-bots and their “natural” cures. If they are struggling with their new vegan lifestyle, they may seek help from an MLM-bot out of desperation, instead of going to a qualified health professional. “Failure to thrive” is a lot more common among vegans than many vegan advocates care to admit, and is probably the main reason there are many ex-vegans out there. I believe a lot of this “failure to thrive” related attrition is due to the bad advice I see floating around on social media like thick smog around a large industrial city, which MLM-bots are big contributors to. Fortunately, critical thinking can help blow away some of this dense smog of misinformation.

This very toxic nexus of quackery, greed, and deception is radioactive to social networks. The damage it could do to the vegan community is incalculable. Just imagine you’re a non-vegan and you see this kind of thing. Especially if the non-vegan knows anything about science. Vegans are often scorned enough as it is by mainstream society, but add MLM to the mix and it looks positively nauseating. And I’ve barely touched upon the cult-like nature of many MLMs and the extremely tacky “look at all the money I’m making” videos and social media posts MLM-bots often make.

It’s time we do something about this infiltration before it thoroughly poisons our movement. Don’t buy MLM products, report MLM-bots on social media, alert charities if it looks like they are associated with an MLM or other scam, and get involved with the scam-buster and growing anti-MLM movement. Besides this, complain to vegan fest organizers if you notice MLM company representatives hawking their products at the event. Remember, for many attendees this may be their first time being exposed to veganism on a large scale. If they have a negative opinion of MLM as most people do, this may make them less likely to want to go vegan.

Just because someone says they are “vegan” and uses the #vegan hash-tag doesn’t mean they really are vegan or they are doing it for the right reasons. Fake friends are worse than obvious enemies. Don’t be misled into thinking that if so-called vegans are involved with an MLM company, it must be one of the “good” MLMs. We need to declare loud and clear that get-rich-quick schemes and supplement scams have no place in our community. As our movement continues to grow we need better quality control to ensure we’re all on the same page about what veganism really stands for. The credibility and potential of our movement is at stake and by extension the lives of millions of animals. Standing for ethics and good science shouldn’t be the exception, but should be the very foundation of our movement.

Have you had a negative experience with an MLM or a vegan MLM-bot in particular, or are you just concerned about the infiltration of MLM into the vegan movement? We would love to hear from you in the comments!

Related articles:

Why I Hate Multi-Level Marketing

MLM and Social Media

Younique’s Animal Testing Statement; Not 100% Cruelty-Free

The Biggest Scam in the Fitness Industry

MLM and Appeal to Consequences Fallacy: If MLM is illegal, then why hasn’t it been shut down?

Vemma Agrees to Ban on Pyramid Scheme Practices to Settle FTC Charges

3 types of people who are ruining social media – and what you can do about them

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Social media plays an increasingly important role in many people’s lives around the world. It’s not just a great way to stay connected with people you already know, it’s also a terrific way to make new connections with people who share your interests. For some people in isolated areas or with rare hobbies, it is the only way to connect with others.

Unfortunately, there are many people who use social media as an opportunity to abuse or scam others.

I admit it was a little difficult deciding how many troublesome types I wanted to list; I settled on 3 since these 3 broad categories include a lot of sub-types. These 3 groups are by no means mutually exclusive, so you may have the misfortune of running into that rare specimen who is all 3. In no particular order, here they are:

The Multi-level marketer

Practically everyone is familiar with the multi-level marketer(MLM) AKA network marketer, and their spiel about financial independence, being on a permanent vacation, and making money from home, among other things. What makes them so annoying is that this is all they ever talk about and they are always looking to recruit you, so you can recruit everyone you know, so they can recruit everyone they know, and so on. And of course you make money from everyone you recruit as well as everyone they recruit. Sounds like a pyramid scheme, right? That’s because it is!

Almost everything the network marketer tells you is a lie. Don’t believe anything they say in their promotional videos or postings about how they have money coming out of their ears, their eyes and their, never mind. Studies show that over 90% of the people who get recruited by these pyramid schemes lose money.

What really makes network marketers a pain on social media is their nasty habit of infiltrating a wide variety of groups, clubs and chats for the sole purpose of trying to recruit others. All too often, and depending on how successful their infiltration is, they can have a poisonous effect on the group, resulting in division and conflict.

Besides this, MLMbots that deal in supplements frequently make dubious and at times dangerous health claims for their products. Here’s an example of an MLMbot pushing some juice product that according to them has miraculous healing powers:


What to do about them: I always block any multi-level marketer who follows me. If someone I follow becomes a multi-level marketer, I quickly unfollow and block.

People who are fed up with MLM spreading like wildfire and burning their friends and family on social media are increasingly taking a stand against it. The extreme sleaziness, dishonesty and cult-like nature of MLM pushers has inspired a growing and vibrant anti-MLM movement on the Internet.

As part of its tireless anti-MLM campaign, Timeless Vie has recently launched an MLM-free logo for businesses and groups to use to declare themselves MLM-free. This means a zero tolerance policy when it comes to MLM in their group or business. Try pushing MLM as a member of their group and you get the boot.

Besides Timeless Vie, there’s Ethan Vanderbuilt, another crusader against scams in general and MLM in particular. Be sure to follow him on social media and subscribe to his newsletter. Other anti-MLM sites to check out include MLM Syndrome, which is devoted to exploring MLM psychological conditioning, and also Lazy Man and Money, a consumer advocacy site which also frequently exposes MLM. Also check out The Not Quite Fairy-Tales of Elle Beau blog, for insights from an ex-MLM-bot turned MLM critic.

Understand that trying to convince an MLMbot that they are involved in a scam is pointless. Believe me, I’ve tried.

Educate yourself and spread the word!

The Bully

It’s difficult to overstate how big of a problem cyber-bullying is. It is a plague on social media to the extent that some people who have been victims of bullying have canceled their social media accounts. We’ve all either been on the receiving end of it or know someone who has. Cyber-bullying can take many forms: insults, threatening messages, defamatory smears or even attempts at ruining a person’s reputation. The 2 biggest motivations for bullying are the bully simply gets their kicks from putting people down, and the other is to get someone they disagree with to shut up.

Many bullies think their insulting remarks are the height of comedy. Some may even claim to be “comedians”. Sadly, there are online forums where this vile behavior is encouraged. All-too-common misogynistic bullies revel in making insulting remarks about a woman’s intelligence or looks. Some women-haters even go as far as to make constant rape or death threats against their intended targets. It’s a similar situation with racist bullies and bullies that target religious minorities and people with special needs.

In the political and media arena, it’s not uncommon for bullying tactics to be used against political opponents. If an activist, politician, or political operative has a large enough social media following, it’s relatively easy to inspire their followers to harass an opponent to silence them. If the harassment is persistent enough, this tactic can unfortunately be very effective. Even well-respected scientists have been cowed into silence by this ploy.

When called out for their behavior, it can be nauseating watching a serial harasser and their defenders claim their execrable actions are protected by the First Amendment. However, the First Amendment doesn’t give anyone carte blanche to hurt others or destroy reputations. Whether or not the bullying you’re experiencing is a prosecutable offense can vary by country and jurisdiction. If you are being victimized, know your rights.

The best way to deal with bullies and harassers is to block and report. Do not interact with bullies, or attempt to get an apology, since this will only encourage them. Use anti-virus/malware software in case the bully turns to hacking, and be extra careful with passwords. Call the police about stalking, death threats or rape threats, consult lawyers about defamation.

For more information about how to deal with this, visit the National Bullying Prevention Center, and Stand for the Silent. For more information on sexual harassment: Sexual Harassment on the Internet.

Get involved and know your rights!

The Faker

It’s hardly a startling revelation that a very large number of people, probably a majority, tell white lies about themselves online and off. Most of the time this is probably harmless, but at least a few people take lying about themselves to such an incredible level of deceit that their entire online persona and reputation is built on nothing but lies. This, my friends, is the creature known as the Faker.

There is a significant amount of overlap between the multi-level marketer and the Faker. Just about all the multi-level marketers you encounter online are essentially Fakers, pretending they’re making a ton of money, pretending the products they are pushing are unique, top-of-the-line products, and perhaps most importantly, pretending to be your friend.

But not all fakers online are promoting pyramid schemes; indeed, some aren’t even interested in money, so this deserved it’s own category.

There’s a bewildering number of sub-categories of Fakers crawling around social media these days, it would be difficult to do justice to this subject. So I decided to narrow it down to two sub-types, due to the number encounters I’ve had with them over the years. These two sub-types are fake athletes and disease fakers.

For obvious reasons, the fake athletes I am most familiar with are fake runners. Every now and then while reading a running site or on social media, a story pops up about a runner who has been exposed as a fake, or someone a lot of people are suspicious about.

What these fake runners who fake their way to marathon or ultra-running glory all seem to have in common is this extreme desire to become famous. They are so desperate to turn their name into a valuable brand they will invent stories out of whole cloth about incredible distances they’ve run day after day, while providing scant evidence for their athletic feats. It’s no surprise that they will often buy followers on social media to make themselves look a lot more famous than they really are.

Astonishingly, some of these con-artists often manage to not just attract a cult following, they also become sponsored, and will sometimes run for a charity. Skeptics who ask questions are routinely demonized by the Faker and his rabid followers.

A little detective work and the fake runner is exposed; like a pin pricking a big balloon, he is quickly deflated. All but a tiny number of his followers abandon him and the sponsors run as far away from him as possible. Instead of fame, all the fake runner has achieved is a permanently damaged reputation before fading away into oblivion.

If you suspect a headline generating runner of being faker, a great place to report this is Let’s Run. The Let’s Run community has exposed a bunch of fake runners over the years. Marathon Investigation is another good site for reporting cheats.

Of all the things a person can do to get attention, faking disease is arguably the lowest. Keep in mind that not all disease fakers are in it for the money, some just want the attention.

Disease fakers have a method of infiltrating groups either related to the disease they are pretending to have or something entirely different. They will tell one lie after another in their game of emotional manipulation to make you pity them. Unless these people made big news and attracted a lot of donations, it can be difficult to expose their con. If the more skeptically-minded start asking questions, they may start to claim they are very close to death.

If you suspect anyone of faking a disease, be on the look out for any inconsistencies. If one catastrophic event happens one right after the other, be very suspicious. If they have trouble answering simple questions, they are very likely a faker. Just ignore and block them. It’s not a good idea to try to publicly expose them unless they are asking for money.

These fakers poison social media by making everyone who has dealt with them a lot more cynical and apprehensive. Add bullies and the multi-level marketing zombies to the mix, and social media looks like a very depressing place where you can’t trust anyone. However, by being very selective of who you follow, and knowing how to effectively deal with negative or dishonest people on social media, it can still be a valuable resource.

Have you dealt with these types of people before? What type of people do you consider to be the most troublesome on social media, and how do you deal with them?

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